MRSA and Staph
What is MRSA?
It is a type of Staphlococcus aureus, It stands for Methicillin-Resistant Staphlococcus aureus. After only ten years of Staph being treated by Penicillin an resistant strain had appeared. Methicillin is a derivative of penicillin was used as treatment in 1960, but a year later some Staph strains were already resistant to it. We now use the term MRSA to cover the strains that are multi drug resistant
Hospitals are usually associated with MRSA or Staph, (HA-MRSA). But recently since the early 1990s, it has been seen within communities, (CA-MRSA) usually remote and tight knit communities, like that in the Kimberleys, CA-MRSA has a different resistant to antibioticts than HA-MRSA, with them being not as resistant. HR-MRSA is found not only in hospitals but also in outpatient clinics, patients and health care workers are frequently in contact with MRSA, but don’t have any evidence of infection. It seems HR-MRSA is not as much of a worry in healthy individuals. The ones at risk are those who have immune deficiency, infants, those recovering from extensive surgery, cancer patients facing chemo or those who have foreign bodies implanted. CA-MRSA occurs mainly out of hospital atmospheres and effects healthy people. MRSA is easily transmitted from person to person, via touch. Appropriate Hand Hygiene will remove the MRSA from the hands
a. If you have staph, or a MRSA skin infection, what can you do to prevent the spread of MRSA at work and at home?
To prevent the spread at work and at home, personal Hygiene should be practiced often and health care professionals moving between a MRSA patient to others who are unaffected should be aware of the transmission and practice hand hygiene. Transmission can occur also through touching objects that have the bacteria on them from infected people.
b. Are staph and MRSA infections treatable
Yes, While there is certainly a lot of Staph around that is resistant to a lot of drugs although as new developments and research there are a few drugs out there which are designed to treat MRSA, for example Vancomycine, which is used on VISA and VRSA. After being diagnosed through procedure, the treatment will depend on what the infection is not resistant to.
c. What are the different symptoms of MRSA?
Symptoms begin as skin infections. They first appear as reddened spots on the skin, that develop into lesions causing fever, pus, swelling, or pain. From here sever infection can occur causing major problems if left.
d. How are MRSA infections diagnosed?
MRSA is diagnosed through urine and blood testing or a tissue sample of the lesions.